The Public Health | Medical Encyclopaedia

Public Health

Patient's Guide

Public health

Be sure to select a Tribulus extract that contains at least 45% protodioscin.. Impotence, or erectile dysfunction, was once regarded as a man's worst nightmare.

The focus

Other studies have suggested that Tribulus also acts by increasing the level of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a naturally occurring substance in the body believed to be important for a healthy sex drive. As testosterone and other male sex hormone levels start to drop after reaching middle age, low testosterone level is often the culprit in most intermittent impotence problems, especially in older men. Modern drug therapy for ED made a significant advance in 1983, when British physiologist Giles Brindley dropped his trousers and demonstrated to a shocked Urodynamics Society audience his papaverine-induced erection.[30] The drug Brindley injected into his penis was a non-specific vasodilator, an alpha-blocking agent, and the mechanism of action was clearly corporal smooth muscle relaxation.

Modern public health

One of the most promising herbs is the purified extract of Tribulus terrestris. More than nine clinical studies performed by six universities and academic hospitals on this purified extract have confirmed the herb's beneficial effect.

Institutions

Once an erection is achieved, the man places the elastic ring on the base of his penis, which keeps blood from draining from the penis back into the body. It is normal for a man to have five to six erections during sleep, especially during rapid eye movement (REM). It is estimated that between 50% and 60% of diabetic men are impotent.

Vaccination

The practice of vaccination became prevalent in the 1800s, following the pioneering work of Edward Jenner in treating smallpox. James Lind's discovery of the causes of scurvy amongst sailors and its mitigation via the introduction of fruit on lengthy voyages was published in 1754

History

Public health - early roots

Public health has early roots in antiquity. From the beginnings of human civilization, it was recognized that polluted water and lack of proper waste disposal spread communicable diseases (theory of miasma).

Latest Researches

Objectives

The focus of a public health intervention is to prevent and manage diseases, injuries and other health conditions through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behaviors, communities and environments. Many diseases are preventable through simple, non-medical methods. For example, research has shown that the simple act of hand washing with soap can prevent many contagious diseases.[4] In other cases, treating a disease or controlling a pathogen can be vital to preventing its spread to others, such as during an outbreak of infectious disease, or contamination of food or water supplies. Public health communications programs, vaccination programs, and distribution of condoms are examples of common public health measures. Measures such as these have contributed greatly to the health of populations and increases in life expectancy.



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